The Gadfly is a novel by Ethel Lilian Voynich, published in , set in s Italy under the dominance of Austria, a time of tumultuous revolt and upri. The Gadfly – By E. L. Voynich – Arthur Burton, an English Catholic, travels to Italy to study Ethel Lilian Voynich, née Boole (11 May – 27 July ) was an . The Gadfly [Ethel Lilian Voynich] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. When The Gadfly was first published in , the publishers feared an.
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The Gadfly: E. L. Voynich: : Books
She was born in Corkbut grew up in England. She is best known for her novel The Gadflywhich became hugely popular in her lifetime, especially in Russia. Ethel Lilian Boole was born on 11 Mayat Lichfield Cottage, Blackrock, Ballintemple, Etehl the youngest daughter to the mathematician George Boole father of Boolean logicand the feminist philosopher  Mary Everest who was the niece of George Everest and a writer for Crankan earlyth-century periodical.
Her mother returned to her native England with her daughters, and was able to live off a small government pension until she was appointed librarian at Queen’s College, London. Her mother decided to send her to live in Lancashire with her brother, believing that it would be good for her health.
Described as “a religious fanatic and sadist”,  who regularly beat his children, he apparently forced Ethel to play the piano for hours on end.
Ethel returned to London at the age of ten. She became withdrawn, dressing in black and calling herself “Lily”. At the age of eighteen, she gained access to a legacy. During this period she became increasingly attracted to revolutionary politics. Petersburg, where she stayed with Kravchinski’s sister-in-law, Preskovia Karauloff. Through her, she became associated with the revolutionary Narodniks. Soon he also became Ethel Boole’s life-partner. Bythey were living together and she was calling herself Mrs.
They married in In she published The Gadflywhich was an immediate international success. She published three more novels Jack RaymondOlive Latham and An Interrupted Friendshipbut none matched the popularity of her first book. The Voyniches emigrated to the United States inafter Wilfred had moved the main base of his book business to New York.
She concentrated more on music from this point on, working in a music school, but she continued her writing career as a translator, translating from Russian, Polish and French. A final novel, Put off thy Shoeswas published in Voynich was unaware of the vast sales of The Gadfly in the Soviet Union until she was visited in New York by a Russian diplomat inwho told her how highly regarded she was in the country. Lockhart, whose father, R. Bruce Lockhart knew Reilly, claims that Reilly and Voynich had a sexual liaison and voyaged to Italy together.
During their romance Reilly is said to have bared his soul and revealed to her the story of his espionage activities. The evidence demonstrates that a liaison of some sort took place between Reilly and her in Florence, She is most famous for her first novel The Gadflyfirst published in in the United States June and Britain Septemberabout the struggles of an international revolutionary in Italy.
This novel was very popular in the Soviet Union and was the top bestseller and compulsory reading there, where it was seen as ideologically useful; for similar reasons, the novel has been popular in the People’s Republic of China as well.
By the time of Voynich’s death The Gadfly had sold an estimated 2, copies in the Soviet Union and had been made into two Russian movies, first in in Soviet Georgia Krazana and then again in The film of the novel, lllian the Soviet director Aleksandr Fajntsimmer is noted for the fact that composer Dmitri Shostakovich wrote the score see The Gadfly Suite.
Along with some other voynihc, the Romance movement has since become very popular.
Ethel Lilian Voynich
Various other adaptations exist, including at least three operas voyncih two ballets. Voynich’s other four novels never achieved the same success as The Gadflybut two of them extended its narrative. An Interrupted Friendship elaborates on The Gadfly ‘ s protagonist’s backstory,  and Put Off Thy ShoesVoynich’s last novel, further focuses on the life of the protagonist’s family and ancestors; a “lengthy, multi-generational chronicle” set in the 18th century.
Her second novel, Jack Raymondwas quickly followed by her third, Gadvly Latham Nearly a decade later, Voynich took a hiatus from writing and focused on music. Voynich began composing music around After she and her husband moved to New York, she devoted herself much more to music, creating many adaptations and transcriptions of existing works.
In she published an edited volume of Chopin’s letters.
While there she composed a number of cantatas and other works that were performed at the college, including BabylonJerusalemEpitaph in Ballad Form and The Submerged City. She also researched the history of music, compiling detailed commentaries on music of various eras.
Most of her music remains unpublished and is held at the Library of Congress. A minor planet Ethel discovered in by Soviet astronomer Tamara Mikhailovna Smirnova is named after pilian.
The Gadfly Series
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wilfrid Voynich —, his death. An EncyclopediaRoutledge,p. The pamphlet gives some idea of the Soviet attitude toward Voynich.
The Life and Work of George Boole: A Prelude to the Digital Age.