Hillocks of coir pith accumulate in the vicinity of coconut coir-fiber extraction units, of which disposal and management remain a major problem. lates as a waste material near coir processing factories causing environmental and disposal problems. The feasibility of co-composting coir pith with solid poul. “PITHPLUS” An edible mushroom spawn speeds up composting process of coir pith and leads to 42% reduction in volume of coir pith. This mushroom belongs.
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It is recommended that 5 tons of composted coir ppith per hectare of land irrespective of the raised. Coir pith composting technology. Coir pith composting technology Collection of raw material. This extraction process generates a large quantity of dusty material called coir dust or coir pith.
Application of coir pith compost 6. The nitrogenous source may be in the form of urea or fresh poultry litter. Is is advised that composted coir pith should be applied basally before take up the sowing. The chemical observations are narrower C: A separate area should be complsting for composting.
The bulk density of both the sub surface cm sioil is reduced to considerable extent with the application composted coir pith. These fibrous materials will not get composted and it will hinder doir composting process. Composted coir dust contains all plant nutrient elements and it can provide a supplemental effect along with inorganic fertilizers. If all the above said conditions are maintained in the composting, it will take sixty days 60 days for some of the physical parameters to be observed in the compost.
Because of this, standing crop will get affected. Coir pith is an aerobic composting. It is better to prepare compost in the own farm. Application of coir pith compost. The composting process is an aerobic one, the organism performing the composting require oxygen for its metabolic activity. The period of composting vary from substrate to substrate.
Otherwise, it has to be removed at the end of composting at the compost yard. If fresh poultry litter is applied, it is recommended kg for one ton of coir pith. Coir pith is collected from the coir industry without any fiber. The chemical observation for compost maturity is to be analysed in the laboratory.
Coir pith compost application increased the soil native microflora because of addition of humic materials. The composted composing which is obtained from sieving is ready for use. But beyond 5 feet, it requires machinery to handle the materials. The compost heap should be turned once in 10 days to allow the stale air trapped inside the compost material to go out and fresh air will get in. There is improvement in cation exchange capacity of soils, where composted comlosting pith is applied.
Central Coir Research Institute
The second observation is waste materials are turned to black in colour and the waste particle size is reduced.
Limitation in using composted coir pith. Beforebuying composted coir dust, it should be ensured that the material is composted completely and quality analysis certificate is available with the material.
Benefits of composted coir pith 5. Benefits of clmposting coir pith. In between coconut trees, shade under any tree is good for composting.
The floor of the compost making area should be levelled. This 5 kg equally divided into five portions and compostinng alternative layer of coir pith one kg of urea should be applied. It is not economical to buy composted coir pith and put in the farm for large areas.
Coir Pith Compost
If the height is low, what ever the heat generated will be dissipated easily. Because of wider carbon and nitrogen ratio and lower biodegradability due to high lignin content, coir pith is still not considered as a good carbon source for use in agriculture. But excess water should not be drained form the waste material is to take a handful of composting material and put in between the palms and squeeze it. Nutritive value of raw and composted coir pith compost.
One has to proportionally divide and put the required amount of poultry litter over the coir pith. Coir pith is composted to reduce the wider C: The shady area conserve the moisture in the composting material.
For applying to the established trees like coconut, mango, banana and other fruit bearing trees, minimum 5 kg composted coir pith is required. If earthen floor is available the floor can be made to hard by hard pressing and also by applying cow dung slurry.
First observation is volume reduction of waste material. The third observation is that composted material emits earthy odour.
Large quantity of coir waste of about 7.